Oral interpretation(its main types)
There are 2 subtypes of oral communication (as a process of communication):-Sequential (consecutive interpretation).-Immediate (simultaneous interpretation).  There is another division:Escort translation. The interpreter accompanies the person. The situation is rather friendly, no tension. He knows, what he is going to speak of, knows the place of interest, gets prepared, can chose the necessary expressions or even learn his speech by heart. The only be in the ointment is the necessity to answer the questions.Sequential translation. It depends upon the nature of  the conference. We can prepare to the conference, but the preparation will be of general kind. This happens becouse he doesnt exactly know the topic of the discussion. He doesnt know exactly, what is the lang-ge level of the speaker. He may speak idiomatic lng. The speaker will not think of the speed. If this is an academic discussion, the translator should adopt not his speech, but his psyche to the situation. He has to use his intuition. He should adopt the personal style of the speaker. They wont forgive you, if you cant interpret a metaphor. Immediate translation. Its done without pauses, at the same rate as the speaker talks. If the translation is done in a room with special equipment, the interpreter doesnt see the speaker. Nobody pays any attention to the style. He should know many clichés. (They make speech more idiomatic & help to think over smth. Sight translation. It is usually done in court or at conferences. It means translating documents, that havent been given to the translator beforehand, because any of the parties may consider it profitable pot to let the other party know the content of the document. The interpreter should provide a good working version of the document under the question. Sight translation can be very different; bcos the situation dominates the process. The translator may be occasionally called upon to compare the documents in SL & TL. This happens most often in case of legal documents. This is a very important task. The translator should be familiar with both cultures. Another exercise occurs when a client is overwhelmed by high amount of material in foreign lng & he invites the translator to give him the summary on the spot. In this case precision is the most important thing. In this case you are not allowed to compress. Its literal translation & the thing is that if you dont know a word & think its necessary you may ask for recognition to use the dictionary.  Oral interpretation demands the following shall:-Exceptional articulation-High comfort speaking level in front of the audience- Public speaking experience- The ability to retain one or two points while listening to new information & then reproduce entire message-The ability to summarize the main points of smth being said- Experience in one or more technical areas-     Complete ease in both lngs Interpreting can take place in the following environments: Conference. Its a case when many people discuss a topic & sometimes they do it simultaneously. People interrupt each other & the translator should keep track of the main ideas & disregard repetitions. At the same time he should look for periods of time when he can sum up the previous information to precede the further. A translator is a kind of master of ceremony.  Meeting. They are usually held in a more orderly manner. The translator may resort to simultaneous translation; bcos people will keep special pauses. Youre going to discuss conditions not issues. Precision is necessary & you can discuss your clients intentions beforehand.Telecom.  It doesnt give you the atmosphere of the conference you dont feel it. Such meetings arent full of undercurrents, which are very important for the translator. You should listen through the lines.OPI interpretation. Americans use it very often (24 hours a day service). The service enables the speakers to communicate by phone in a 3-way conference call, including the interpreter. This service is used mainly for business. This kind of interpretation is rather difficult. The interpreter doesnt see the speakers & isnt able to learn anything about topic of conversation beforehand. Speakers can switch over to any related theme & they may be illogical. The translator should use compressed lng bcos the speakers pay for a minute.
Consecutive interpretation. It covers a wide variety of situations, when the speaker waits for the interpreter to interpret parts of text. Interpretation depends upon the length of the pause. The translator should be able to anticipate where the meaningful part of the text begins & where it ends. The interpreter should always wait for the speaker to complete his idea. Consecutive translation presupposes that the translator should render the speakers attitude to what he is saying. The interpreter should preserve the effect produced by metaphors  & other tropes & figures of speech. Consecutive interpretation is very common in court. In this case the interpreter should know the lng of court. The responsibility is even greater when you should translate medical texts orally. Consecutive interpretation is practiced during business negotiations. Other scenarios requiring consecutive interpretation include telecom translation & when it is a joint venture factory sight tours & foreign visitor escort servicing. Consecutive interpretation requires formal training esp. in such instances as court interpreting, which has become rather popular in recent years.  Simultaneous interpretation. It can only be done with the appropriate equipment, which is necessary. The interpreter should be able to listen to the speaker & interpret almost at the same time. Its a very challenging activity. One has to be prepared to it. He should know both lngs. He should be able to use clichés that save time & allow the interpreter to remove redundancy. The interpreter should possess the quality of an actor (intonation). He should be able to use synonyms. The interpreter should be psychologically prepared not to pay attention to mistakes.